The stability of the landfill is an environmental issue. The collapse of the landfill causes environmental pollution and influences human life. In the present study, the crack on the cover of the landfill was simulated. Rankine’s theory and the Phantom Node Method were used for the simulation length of the crack and the mechanism of the crack propagation in the nonlinear extended finite element method (NXFEM). Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) based on Levenberg-Marquardt Algorithm and Abalone Rings Data Set mode were used to predict displacement in critical points of the model. The vibration mechanism of the landfill was changed in each model. During applying seismic load on the model, the optimized thickness of the clay cover on the landfill was discussed. The thickness of the landfill cover controls the seismic response of the landfill. The numerical simulation shows differential displacement of the landfill impacts on the crack propagation and the need for the appropriate design of the cover thickness of the landfill.
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