This work aims at investigating the mechanisms activated during the extraction of titanium bars from a marble volume (pull-out phenomenon), used for rejoining fragmented marble structural members at the monuments of the Acropolis of Athens. The restoration protocol includes the insertion of threaded titanium bars into pre-drilled holes in the body of the structural members. The adhesion between marble and bars is achieved by an initially liquid cementitious material. There are two main aspects on which this project focuses. Firstly, the weak link of the marble-cement-titanium complex, the marble-cement interface, is inaccessible for traditional sensing techniques. In this context, the Acoustic Emission technique is employed in order to detect failure and damages at the interior of the complex. Secondly, the specimens and the experimental procedure should simulate the same stress conditions in which all three phases within the marble-cement-titanium complex are under, while the structural member is in service. For this purpose, two modified tests are proposed aiming at efficiently simulating the bars’ behavior as they are sliding through a marble epistyle. These tests provide promising results with regards to keeping the examined surface between bars and marble free from parasitic stresses caused by the experimental set-up.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors are allowed to retain both the copyright and the publishing rights of their articles without restrictions.
Open Access Statement
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale (Fracture and Structural Integrity, F&SI) is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the DOAI definition of open access.
F&SI operates under the Creative Commons Licence Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0). This allows to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, to remix, transform and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but giving appropriate credit and providing a link to the license and indicating if changes were made.