Since many years, the European Community has been monitoring some raw materials because of their high importance to the European Union economy and their high supply risk. Such raw materials, classified as critical, form a strong industrial base, producing a lot of goods and applications used in everyday life and modern technologies. Many critical raw materials are used to produce alloys and their high supply risk may constitute a serious problem for the future world economy and technological progress. Mitigating actions are therefore needed such as recycling, material efficiency improvements and, when possible, material substitution. In the present work, a systematic approach for alloy substitution in a critical raw materials perspective is developed. The method is illustrated with an example.
How to Cite
Authors are allowed to retain both the copyright and the publishing rights of their articles without restrictions.
Open Access Statement
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale (Fracture and Structural Integrity, F&SI) is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the DOAI definition of open access.
F&SI operates under the Creative Commons Licence Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0). This allows to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, to remix, transform and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but giving appropriate credit and providing a link to the license and indicating if changes were made.