Bearings, considered crucial components in rotating machinery, are widely used in the industry. Bearing status monitoring has become an essential step in the deployment of preventive maintenance policy. This work is part of the diagnosis and classification of bearing defects by vibration analysis of signals from defective bearings using time domain and frequency analysis and wavelet packet transformations (Wavelet Packet Transform WPT) with Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). WPT is used for extracting defect indicators to train the neural classifier. The main goal is the determination of the wavelet generating the most representative indicators of the state of the bearings for better detection and classification of defects. Using the WPT-based neural classifier, the obtained simulation results showed that the db6 wavelet with level 3 decomposition is best suited for diagnosing and classifying bearing defects
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