In this paper a macro-block model accounting for frictional resistances is presented to assess the lateral strength of a multi-storey masonry block wall. The kinematic approach of limit analysis is used to define the load factor causing the onset of rocking-sliding mechanism under in-plane horizontal loading. A dry frictional contact condition is assumed at the rigid block interfaces, according to the Coulomb's law with non-associated flow rule. The key aspect of the proposed approach is the introduction of a criterion to evaluate the contribution of the actual frictional resistances depending on the inclination angle of the crack line. An accurate assessment of the frictional resistances is also obtained by distinguishing two different contributions (the wall own weight and additional vertical loads) and their application points. Hence, a sensitivity analysis is performed with respect to the overloading condition, the friction coefficient, and geometrical parameters such as the shape ratios of the wall and the unit block and the number of rows. The analytical results of the proposed model are also validated against results from other existing macro and micro-block modelling approaches in terms of load factor. The comparison confirms the reliability of the proposed model that allows, with similar results, great simplification of the computational effort with respect to micro-block models.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors are allowed to retain both the copyright and the publishing rights of their articles without restrictions.
Open Access Statement
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale (Fracture and Structural Integrity, F&SI) is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the DOAI definition of open access.
F&SI operates under the Creative Commons Licence Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0). This allows to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, to remix, transform and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but giving appropriate credit and providing a link to the license and indicating if changes were made.