Stress intensity factor for small embedded cracks in weldments
In the present work, the stress intensity factor (SIF) of embedded small cracks placed at the weld toe is calculated by means of two procedures based on the Oore-Burns integral. In the first approach, the defect is considered as a circular disk and the SIF is evaluated by means of the Oore-Burns weight function. By taking advantage of a suitable change of variable, the singularity of the weight function on the crack border can be removed. In this way, the numerical evaluation of the SIF is possible without the use of specific integration algorithms, although the nominal stress field becomes singular when the crack approaches a V-sharpe notch. As an example, the obtained equations are applied to a defect located in the neighbourhood of a weld toe with an opening angle of 135 degrees under mode I loading. Subsequently, for a crack similar to a star domain with a border expressed by means of the Fourier series, the SIF is given by means of an explicit equation based on the Oore-Burns weight function.
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