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Aboubakar Seddik Bouchikhi Abdelkader Lousdad Khalfi Yassine Nasser Eddine Bouida Sadek Gouasmi Abdelkader Megueni

Abstract

The investigation of multiple crack interactions in fracture mechanics is important to predict the safety and reliability of structures. This paper introduces a numerical investigation used to calculate the J-integral of the main crack behaviour emanating from a semicircular notch and double semicircular notch and its interaction with another crack which may occur in various positions in (TiB/Ti) FGM plate subjected to tensile mechanical load. Young’s modulus of the functionally graded material plate varies along the specimen width (notch radius direction r-FGM) with exponential-law (E-FGM) function. Further, the Poisson’s ratio is taken as a constant in normal direction.  For this purpose the variations of the material properties are applied at the integration points and at the nodes by implementing a subroutine USDFLD in the ABAQUS software.  The variation of the J-integral according to the position, the length, and the angle of rotation of cracks is demonstrated. The variation of the J-integral according to the position, the length, and the angle of rotation of cracks are examined; also the effect of different parameters for double notch FGM plate is investigated as well as the effect of band of FGM within the ceramic plate to reduce J-integral. According to the numerical analysis, all parameters above played an important role in determining the J-integral.

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