Numerical modelling in non linear fracture mechanics
Some numerical studies of crack propagation are based on using constitutive models that account
for damage evolution in the material. When a critical damage value has been reached in a material
point, it is natural to assume that this point has no more carrying capacity, as is done numerically in the element
vanish technique. In the present review this procedure is illustrated for micromechanically based material
models, such as a ductile failure model that accounts for the nucleation and growth of voids to coalescence,
and a model for intergranular creep failure with diffusive growth of grain boundary cavities leading
to micro-crack formation. The procedure is also illustrated for low cycle fatigue, based on continuum damage
mechanics. In addition, the possibility of crack growth predictions for elastic-plastic solids using cohesive
zone models to represent the fracture process is discussed.
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