Crack propagation in fracture mechanical graded structures
The focus of manufacturing is more and more on innovative and application-oriented products
considering lightweight construction. Hence, especially functional graded materials come to the fore. Due to the
application-matched functional material gradation different local demands such as absorbability, abrasion and
fatigue of structures are met. However, the material gradation can also have a remarkable influence on the crack
propagation behavior. Therefore, this paper examines how the crack propagation behavior changes when a
crack grows through regions which are characterized by different fracture mechanical material properties (e.g.
different threshold values ?KI,th, different fracture toughness ?KIC). In particular, the emphasis of this paper is
on the beginning of stable crack propagation, the crack velocity, the crack propagation direction as well as on
the occurrence of unstable crack growth under static as well as cyclic loading. In this context, the developed
TSSR-concept is presented which allows the prediction of crack propagation in fracture mechanical graded
structures considering the loading situation (Mode I, Mode II and plane Mixed Mode) and the material
gradation. In addition, results of experimental investigations for a mode I loading situation and numerical
simulations of crack growth in such graded structures confirm the theoretical findings and clarify the influence
of the material gradation on the crack propagation behavior.
KEYWORDS. Functional fracture mechanical gradation; Crack propagation direction; TSSR-concept;
Experimental investigations; Numerical simulations.
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