F. Berto A. Campagnolo


The existence of three-dimensional effects at cracks has been known for many years, but
understanding has been limited, and for some situations still is. Understanding improved when the existence of
corner point singularities and their implications became known. Increasingly powerful computers made it
possible to investigate three-dimensional effects numerically in detail. Despite increased understanding, threedimensional
effects are sometimes ignored in situations where they may be important. The purpose of the
present investigation is to study by means of accurate 3D finite element (FE) models a coupled fracture mode
generated by anti-plane loading of a straight through-the-thickness crack in linear elastic plates. An extended
version of the present work has recently been published in the literature.
The results obtained from the highly accurate finite element analyses have improved understanding of the
behaviour of through cracked components under anti-plane loading. The influence of plate bending is
increasingly important as the thickness decreases. It appears that a new field parameter, probably a singularity, is
needed to describe the stresses at the free surfaces. Discussion on whether KIII tends to zero or infinity as a
corner point is approached is futile because KIII is meaningless at a corner point.
The intensity of the local stress and strain state through the thickness of the cracked components has been
evaluated by using the strain energy density (SED) averaged over a control volume embracing the crack tip. The
SED has been considered as a parameter able to control fracture in some previous contributions and can easily
take into account also coupled three-dimensional effects. Calculation of the SED shows that the position of the
maximum SED is independent of plate thickness. Both for thin plates and for thick ones the maximum SED is
close to the lateral surface, where the maximum intensity of the coupled mode II takes place.


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    How to Cite

    Berto, F., & Campagnolo, A. (2015). Three-dimensional effects on cracked components under anti-plane loading. Frattura Ed Integrità Strutturale, 9(33), pages 17–24. https://doi.org/10.3221/IGF-ESIS.33.03

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