Characterization of the mechanical properties and microstructural evolution of martensitic steel in repeated tempering cycles
Keywords:Heat treatment, Mechanical properties, Microstructure, Fractography, Wear
The purpose of this study was to understand the behavior of martensitic H13 steel in accordance with the microstructural evolution, mechanical properties and wear in repeated tempering cycles. The microstructures were characterized by axio image observer microscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD). Uniaxial tensile test, charpy v-notch impact test, rockwell hardness test and wear test were conducted to analyze the changes in mechanical properties, impact properties, hardness and wear in repeated tempering cycles. The specimen prepared were subjected to the hardening at 1030 °C for 20 minutes, oil quenched and subjected to repeated tempering cycles at 570 °C for 2hrs holding time each. The mechanical properties recorded indicates that the maximum ultimate tensile strength obtained was at double tempering due to secondary hardening effect i.e., alloy carbides precipitation offering strength to the matrix and corresponding wear was found to be minimum. The annealed specimen revealed bainitic microstructure and with hardening and repeated tempering cycles, fine needle like structure and carbides was observed in microstructure and retained austenite was converted into martensite and martensite was converted into tempered martensite. Carbide size and martensite lath distribution controls the strength and fracture rate.
Copyright (c) 2023 Amitkumar Shelar, B. P. Ronge
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