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Flexural behavior of delta and bi-delta cold-formed steel beams: experimental investigation and numerical analysis


  • Yazid Hadidane Civil Engineering Laboratory, Badji Mokhtar Annaba University, PO Box 12, 23000 Annaba, Algeria
  • Nadia Kouider Civil Engineering Laboratory, Badji Mokhtar- Annaba University, P. O. Box 12, 23000 Annaba, Algeria
  • Mohammed Benzerara Civil Engineering Laboratory (LGC), Badji Mokhtar- Annaba University, P. O. Box 12, 23000 Annaba, Algeria;



Cold-formed sections, Non-linear, Experimental, Effective Width, Local buckling


Cold-formed steel (CFS) structural members retain their positions in the lightweight construction industry. This is due to the significant advantages of CFS. The optimization of these CFS elements will allow the construction of economical buildings with increased load capacities and solutions for stable and economical construction will be obtained. The main aim of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of these new CFS sections with the estimation of remarkable instabilities and failure modes. This article deals with an experimental study on the behavior of CFS beams of open delta and bi-delta form stressed by four-point bending loads. These cross section shapes are often used in floors as main and secondary beams. The section properties are based on the effective width method designated by the Eurocode 3 standard. A nonlinear finite element (FE) analysis using the ABAQUS program is performed and the comparison between the experimental, numerical and theoretical results is done.

Finally, the results showed above all that the breaking loads of the delta and bi-delta beams corresponded to the modes of local buckling and crushing of the web.