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Effects of residual stresses on interlaminar radial strength of Glass-Epoxy L-bend composite laminates

Authors

  • M.A. Umarfarooq Research Centre, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SDM College of Engineering & Technology, Dharwad, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Karnataka, India. Center for Material Science, School of Mechanical Engineering, KLE Technological University, Hubballi, Karnataka, India.
  • P. S. Shivakumar Gouda Research Centre, Department of Mechanical Engineering, SDM College of Engineering & Technology, Dharwad, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Karnataka, India.
  • K. N. Bharath Department of Mechanical Engineering, GM Institute of Technology, Davangere, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Karnataka, India.
  • G. B. Veereshkumar Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tadepalligudem, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • N. R. Banapurmath Centre for Material Science, School of Mechanical Engineering, KLE Technological University, Hubballi, Karnataka, India
  • Abhilash Edacherian Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3221/IGF-ESIS.61.10

Keywords:

L-bend composites, Residual stresses, Slitting method, Interlaminar radial stress

Abstract

The built-in heterogeneity of the composite laminates has been exploited to tailor the stiffness and strength requirements of modern structures to meet the specific functional demands. However, the non-homogeneity in these composites is the root cause for most of their failures. One of the undesirable consequences of the inherited heterogeneity is the development of cure-induced stresses during composite manufacturing. This work aims to investigate the influence of process-induced stresses on interlaminar radial strength in curved composite laminates. Glass-Epoxy (GE) laminates of two different thicknesses were prepared by hand lamination technique using V-shaped tooling and cured under room temperature. The state of residual stresses in GE laminates is varied by post-curing these laminates at different temperatures. Curved bending strength (CBS) and corresponding interlaminar radial stress for delamination of L-bend laminates were evaluated experimentally using four points bending test. The residual stress profile in each GE laminate is experimentally characterized by employing the Slitting method. The results indicate that the residual stresses have a negligible effect on the critical stress for initial delamination in GE laminates. But, the critical stress for delamination was found to be independent of the laminate thickness and increased with higher curing temperatures. The delaminated surfaces of L-bend laminates were studied using a scanning electronic microscope (SEM). The enhancement in the critical stress due to post-curing can be attributed to the improved fiber-matrix interfacial bonding with higher curing temperature.

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