Atasi Ghosh http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8640-3561


In the present investigation in-plane anisotropy in tensile and ratcheting behavior of cold rolled and annealed commercially pure titanium plate has been studied. Flat tensile and fatigue test specimen oriented at 0, 45, and 90 degree to the rolling direction in the rolling direction–transverse direction (RD–TD) plane of the plate has been machined out. Specimens with loading axis at 0, 45 and 90 degree to RD have been designated as 0T, 45T and 90T for tensile and 0R, 45R and 90R for fatigue. Owing to initial TD split basal texture of as received plate, 0T sample has crystallographic direction   aligned with loading axis. It shows lowest yield strength but highest ductility in monotonic tension. Although ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and strain to failure of samples 45T and 90T are similar, the former has significantly lower yield strength than the latter, indicating different strain-hardening behavior due to different slip/twin activity. On the other hand, 0R sample exhibits longer ratcheting life while 90R sample accumulates highest ratcheting strain. This is attributed to higher propensity for twinning with the formation of intersecting multiple variant twins during cyclic deformation of 0R sample. Viscoplastic self-consistent (VPSC) simulations of one-cycle tension-compression-reload tension indicate that there is alternate activity of pyramidal <c+a> slip and extension twinning during cyclic loading. This induces cross slip activity and detwinning of extension twins in 90R which causes rapid accumulation of strain leading to early failure.


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