THERMODYNAMIC MODELLING TO SUPPORT PRODUCTION OF HIGH NITROGEN STEELS BY DIFFERENT PROCESSES
AbstractHigh Nitrogen Stainless Steel (HNSS) have a high potential for several applications due to their attractive properties: by varying the range of composition of the steel, metallurgists are exploying these materials for many important applications. Actually, there are some processing routes available: the most part of the world production of HNSS is made by electric plus AOD for low-medium content of N and by PESR for high content of nitrogen The main criticality that can be encountered during the solidification of high nitrogen steels is the formation of gas bubbles due to supersaturation of nitrogen in the melt, that induces porosity in the final macrostructure. Therefore, tools for prediction of solidification behaviour of HNSS under different casting conditions, are required to prevent defectiveness due to pores in the final products. In the present work, a simple microsegregation model interfaced with Thermocalc has been implemented, which allows to predict the conditions for gas nucleation during solidification. This model has been validated by comparison with experimental results of solidification of different HNSS grades in conditions variable from vacuum to high pressure, and represents an useful tool to support HNSS industrial production.