Microwave ignited combustion synthesis of intermetallic compounds, modelling and experimental results

  • E. Colombini
  • R. Rosa
  • P. Veronesi
  • A. Casagrande


The process of Combustion synthesis (CS) is based on the highly exothermic reaction by reactants,
which, if properly ignited, spontaneously turn into products. The aim of this work is to study the CS
of ?-NiAl formed starting from Ni and Al (1:1 at. %) powders activated by microwaves at 2.45 GHz.
Numerical simulation is used to obtain data otherwise difficult to be measured experimentally
and to develop a predictive model of microwave ignited and sustained CS of metal powder compacts.
The simulation couples an electro-thermal model with a chemical model, required to study the exothermic
reaction between powders. A simplify model was obtained and validated, neglecting volume changes, to study
compositional and temperature change and reaction kinetics during the CS. It allowed to demonstrate how
microwave application, during and after, synthesis could control the cooling rate of products and hence the
microstructure of the newly formed intermetallics.