High-precision numerical simulation for effect of casting speed on solidification of 40Cr during continuous billet casting

  • Y. Chen
  • Z. Peng
  • L. Wu
  • L. Zhao
  • M. Wang
  • Y. Bao


In order to study the effects of casting speed on the solidification process and optimize the process to reduce
defects, a high-precision simulation model of solidification and heat transfer of square billet based on nailing test and
temperature measurement is presented. The experiments have proven that values calculated by the model fit well the
measured values and the relative error is maintained less than 2%. Some new rules about the relationships among
casting speed, solidification end point and shell thickness are proposed in the paper for the first time.