Thermomechanical processing of Ti and Nb – alloyed stainless steels

  • G.E. Kodzhaspirov
  • A.I. Rudskoy
  • A. Borowikow


The effect of Thermomechanical Processing (TMP) using hot rolling on the structure, rolling pressure,
mechanical properties of titanium and niobium alloyed 18Cr-10Ni austenitic stainless steels (type AISI 321)
is presented. It has been found that the strengthening effect of TMP depends significantly on the kinetics of
deformation accumulation schedule. The change in rolling pressure with an increasing number of passes follow
a similar pattern to the change in strength of the TMP treated rolling section. The basic factor determining the
difference in structure formation of studying steels is thermodynamic stability of the carbide phase under the
different rolling accumulation schedules. TEM and light microscopy have been used in structural investigations.
TMP with a different accumulation schedule result in increasing of yield strength by 1,3-1,7 times compared to
conventional heat treatment value. The short-term high-temperature tensile tests showed that the higher room
temperature strength level of TMP treated steel was also retained at high temperatures.